Zoysia Grass is an Emerald Treasure

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Zoysia Grass is an Emerald Treasure

Zoysia grass originated in Asia, specifically Korea, Japan, and China. Zoysia was named after Karl von Zois, an Austrian botanist, and was introduced to the United States in the early 1900’s.

Zoysia grass uses both stolons and rhizomes to spread. Most species of the grass have stiff leaf blades. This is why many golfers like the grass for teeing off from a par three, because the ball sits higher on the grass.

Zoysia is a warm season grass and normally grows well in the southern half of the United States, but some strains are able to grow as far north as Canada even though the growing season is shorter. It grows better in the shade in warmer climates. If you have colder weather and shade, you should probably consider different grass types. Zoysia can be grown in all types of soil from sandy to clay and acid to alkaline.

Advantages

  • Chokes Weeds Out
  • Drought Tolerant
  • Dense Turf – Solid Coverage
  • Slow Growth – Less Mowing
  • Disease Resistant
  • Wear Tolerant

Disadvantages

  • Spreading / Invading Nature
  • Dark Brown Color in Winter

Zoysia Seed

Zoysia seeds should be used only in bare soil areas, because of the failure rate with existing turf or weeds and in shady areas. If you are planting into an existing lawn or a shady area, it is best to use zoysia grass plugs instead of seeds. You can also install zoysia sod if you prefer avoiding the wait of spreading plugs. Learning how to install sod is pretty easy.

Zoysia Lawn Care

Zoysia is pretty typical in its care and is often easier to care for than most grass types. However, in the early spring when it is first greening up, you should avoid using a weed and feed fertilizer because of the damaging effects of the broadleaf herbicides found in them. The grass needs to be fertilized from 3 to 5 times a year, watered on a weekly basis, and mowed from 3/4″ to 2″ every 10-14 days.

Zoysia grass is one of my favorite types of grass because of its thick, beautiful growth and lower maintenance qualities.


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12 comments

  1. Joyce Ray

    what caues yellow patcges to appear in the lawn. It has been water even thought we live in a hot climate and have little rain This is the first time it has happened in four years that we have had it.
    Thank you.

    • Joyce Ray

      what causes yellow spots in our zoysia even though it has been watered

    • Joyce,

      Yellow spots are caused by anything from disease to dog urine to too little water. If I had to guess without seeing it, I would say you’ve picked up a disease but I can’t say for sure.

  2. Beth McBride

    There is a Norway Maple tree on the parkway in front of my house. No grass will grow under it. Last summer no grass would grow in half of my front yard either. Is there any grass that can compete with a Norway Maple?

    • It’s difficult to grow grass under a tree. I always say if St. Augustine won’t grow there, then you’ll probably have to try something else other than turfgrass.

  3. Ray Shallenberger

    How do you control spreading of the grass if you don’t want it and your neighbors have it and it’s coming your way?

    • Create a barrier on the property line such as a wall or landscape edging. Or you could try planting a more invasive grass on your side than your neighbor has, but that creates the same problem for your neighbor 😉

  4. I need help. Zoysia grass is taking over my st. Augustine grass yard. Any idea how to just kill out the unwanted zoysia ???

    • Zoysia is very invasive even though it spreads slowly. There isn’t an easy way to get rid of it other than pulling it up by hand or killing everything and starting over.

  5. i used a weed and feed not knowing it would hurt my zoysia lawn, will it be ok next year?

  6. Zoysia grass i have dark brown patches and brown patches, let me know what to do

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